The purpose of this article is to compare the 1985 U.S. Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) delay formula for signalized intersections with the Australian and Canadian formulas and to present a generalized form that embraces them all. The aim is to promote international cooperation in this area of research and development.
AKÇELIK, R. (1988). The Highway Capacity Manual delay formula for Signalised Intersections. ITE Journal, 58(3), pp 23-27.