Objective: to validate a laboratory-based driving simulator in measuring on-road driving performance. Method: 129 community dwelling older adult drivers were assessed with both the simulator and an on-road tests. The driving performance of the participants was gauged by appropriate and reliable age-specific assessment criteria, which were found to be negatively correlated with age. Using principal component analysis, two performance indices were developed from the criteria to represent the overall performance in simulated driving and the on-road assessment. Results: there was significant positive association between the two indices, with the simulated driving performance index explaining over two-third of the variability of the on-road driving performance index, after adjustment for age and gender of the drivers (R2 = 0.66). Conclusion: the results supported the validity of the driving simulator and it is a safer and more economical method than the on-road testing to assess the driving performance of older adult drivers.
Lee, H.C. (2002). The Validity of Driving Simulator to Measure On-Road Driving Performance of Older Drivers. CAITR - 2002. Driving Assessment and Consultancy, School of Occupational Therapy, Curtin University of Technology.