Does Combining Transit Signal Priority with Dedicated Bus Lanes or Queue Jump Lanes at Multiple Intersections Create Multiplier Effects?

Aerial photograph of road

Abstract

An extensive body of literature deals with the design and operation of public transport (PT) priority measures. However, there is a need to understand whether providing transit signal priority with dedicated bus lanes (TSPwDBL) or transit signal priority with queue jump lanes (TSPwQJL) at multiple intersections creates a multiplier effect on PT benefits. If the benefit from providing priority together at multiple intersections is greater than the sum of benefits from providing priority separately at each of those individual intersections, a multiplier effect exists. This paper explores the effects of providing TSPwDBL or TSPwQJL at multiple intersections on bus delay savings and person delay savings. Simulation results reveal that providing TSPwDBL or TSPwQJL at multiple intersections may create a multiplier effect on one-directional bus delay savings, particularly when signal offsets provide bus progression for that direction. The multiplier effect may result in a 5% to 8% increase in bus delay savings for each additional intersection with TSPwDBL or TSPwQJL. A possible explanation is that TSPwDBL and TSPwQJL can reduce the variations in bus travel times and thus allow signal offsets— which account for bus progression—to perform even better. Furthermore, results show little evidence of the existence of a multiplier effect on person delay savings, particularly for TSPwQJL with offsets that favor person delay savings. A policy implication of these findings is that considerable PT benefits can be achieved by providing both time and space priority in combination on a corridorwide scale.  

Reference

TRUONG, L.T., CURRIE, G., WALLACE, M. and DE GRUYTER, C. (2017). Does Combining Transit Signal Priority with Dedicated Bus Lanes or Queue Jump Lanes at Multiple Intersections Create Multiplier Effects? Transportation Research Record 2647.1 (2017): 80-92. Web.