Comparing Lane Based and Lane-Group Based Models of Signalised Intersection Networks

Aerial photograph of road

Abstract

Two analytical approaches for modelling signalised intersection networks for the assessment of signal coordination quality as a fundamental element of network performance analysis are compared. These are (i) the traditional model based on using "lane groups" or "links" through aggregation of individual lane conditions, and (ii) a new "lane-based" model of upstream departure and downstream arrival patterns as well as midblock lane changes between upstream and downstream intersections modelled at an individual lane level. The latter is part of a lane-based network model that involves blockage of upstream intersection lanes by downstream queues (queue spillback) and capacity constraint applied to oversaturated upstream intersections. A staggered T network example is used to demonstrate important aspects of modelling signal platoon patterns by approach lane use and movement class, and to compare the resulting traffic performance measures (delay, back of queue, level of service) with those estimated using the traditional method based on lane groups or links.

Reference

AKÇELIK, R. (2016). Comparing Lane Based and Lane-Group Based Models of Signalised Intersection Networks. Paper presented at the TRB 7th International Symposium on Highway Capacity and Quality of Service (International Symposium on Enhancing Highway Performance (ISEHP)), Berlin, Germany, Jun 2016. Full paper published in Transportation Research Procedia, Vol 15, 2016, pp. 208-219.