Two essential elements of effective fuel consumption and emission modelling in relation to traffic management, design, operations and planning are:
- A detailed traffic model that has sensitivity to traffic characteristics (road geometry, road grade, traffic control type, demand volumes, driver behaviour, acceleration - deceleration and other vehicle characteristics), and
- fuel consumption and emission models that have the right sensitivities to vehicle parameters (fuel consumption and emission parameters sensitive to variations in traffic condition, mass, power, acceleration - deceleration characteristics, and so on) and at the same time are well integrated with the traffic model.
SIDRA INTERSECTION is a micro-analytical software that uses a four-mode elemental (modal) model of fuel consumption and emissions. For each lane of traffic, it models vehicle paths (drive cycles) consisting of a series of cruise, acceleration, deceleration and idling (stopped) time elements determined for specific traffic conditions represented by intersection geometry, traffic control and demand volumes.
SIDRA TRIP is a single-trip microsimulation model for assessment of road traffic conditions using real-life traffic vehicle travel data (e.g. from GPS data) or user-defined drive cycles. It employs an instantaneous model to determine various trip characteristics for assessing traffic and travel level of service, performance (delay, speed, travel time), and provide estimates of fuel consumption, emissions, noise, operating cost and user cost.